About Nepal

Nepal facts and figures

Area of Nepal= 147,181 sq.km (143,151 sq.km land and 4000 sq. km water.)

Capital=Kathmandu

Population of Nepal= 27.8 million (according to the census survey conducted by the UN in 2010)   

Life Expectancy= 68 years for men and 70 years for women

Geographical Location= Nepal is a land-locked country, lying between two larger countries of India (east, west and south) and China (north). Nepal shares an open border with India. The country is divided into three geographical regions, plain smooth land in the Terai, isolated valleys between hills in the hilly region and Himalayas in the north. Amongst ten highest peaks in the world, eight of them are here in Nepal.     

Language= Nepali (the national language). As you travel to different destinations in the country, you would find a myriad of multilingual contexts according to the multicultural aspects the country possesses. 

Climate

The climate of Nepal can be classified into four different types:

  • September – November is considered as autumn season.
  • December – February is considered as winter season.
  • March – May is considered as spring season.
  • June – August is considered as summer season.

People and religion

A wide variation is found for people and religion in Nepal. Going through the history, Nepal was a sole Hindu kingdom in the world before 2007 A.D. It was turned to a secular state after that. The population of Hindu people is exceptionally higher than that of other religions. Besides Hinduism, the influence of Buddhism is also majorly seen. As the birthplace of Lord Buddha, the influence of Buddhism is high in the mountainous regions of Nepal. The influence of Christianity and of Islam can also be seen. People of different religion and culture live in harmony.

Currency/ Foreign currency exchange

The currency of Nepal is the Nepali Rupees. The Nepali Rupee comes in the denominations of NRs.1, NRs. 2, NRs.5, NRs.10, NRs.20, NRs.50, NRs.100, NRs.500 and NRs.1000. For NRs.1 and NRs. 2, coins are frequently in use than paper money. You can exchange your currency to Nepalese rupees at the counter at the airport. You can also exchange it via banks or other authorized foreign exchange counters in Nepal. For the reference of exchange rate, you can visit the website of Nepal Rastra Bank, the central bank of Nepal.

Monetary unit= 1NRs = 100 paisa

GNI per capita= USD 480 (As per the census survey of 2010 conducted by World Bank)

Main Exports= Nepal exports carpets, clothing garments, leather goods, jute goods and other handmade items.

Internet domain= (.np)

Telephone/ Postal code= (+977)